Indonesia Prime 2021-04-17T15:05:38+00:00 A. Aprasing Open Journal Systems The Effectiveness of Drug-Free ASEAN by 2015: Overcoming Drugs Trafficking in Indonesia 2021-04-17T15:05:35+00:00 Asma Amin <p>This study aimed to explore the effectiveness of ASEAN cooperation implementation through the commitment of "Drug Free ASEAN 2015" in dealing with drugs trafficking in Indonesia. The study was conducted by using a qualitative approach. Data from this study was collected by using three methods: interview, document-based research, and internet-based research. The used data were between year 2000-2015. The result indicated that the implementation of the ASEAN free drug 2015, that has been out of dated, has not realized the maximum results in overcoming drugs trafficking in Indonesia, this seen in a work plan that does not work in targets, namely: a significant reduction in illegal cultivation, smuggling and drug trafficking and the prevalence of drug abuse. Until now Indonesia is still categorized as a drug emergency area. Factors affecting the effectiveness of Drug Free ASEAN 2015 include aggressive commitment; non-binding agreements; Indonesia faces a strong and various of international network, Indonesia's internal conditions that support the entry and development of drug abuse in Indonesia as well as the New Psychoactive Substances (NPS) entering Indonesia.</p> 2021-02-21T19:04:36+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Law Enforcement of Fisheries Crimes of Justice 2021-04-17T15:05:34+00:00 Bahtiat Bahtiar <p>The essence of law enforcement of fisheries crime that is just can be achieved if law enforcement officials always strive to uphold the rule of law, uphold professionalism, integrity, morality and respect the rights and obligations of everyone. Determination of suspects against the perpetrators of IUU Fishing is not only for the skipper and the head of the engine room but also the ship owner and corporate management as well as the indictment of the public prosecutor and the verdict of the panel of judges is not too light (low).</p> <p>The results showed that to improve the coordination system, it is better to establish a joint office with One Stop Services (OSS) and use the latest and sophisticated radar in the form of Over The Horizon (OTH) to detect all types of ships operating at sea and the Geoogle Monitoring System (GMS) and for supervise the movement of ships at sea.</p> <p>The results showed that it is necessary to make improvements related to the legal system which includes legal substance, legal structure and legal culture.</p> 2021-02-21T19:18:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Integrated law enforcement in crminal action of legislative general in makassar city 2021-04-17T15:05:33+00:00 Arbiansyah Haseng Malapua <p style="margin-bottom: 12.0pt; text-align: justify;"><em><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Helvetica Narrow',serif;">Integrated Law Enforcement in criminal Action of Legislative General Election in Makassar City</span></em><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Helvetica Narrow',serif;">. The research aimed to investigate the law enforcement in following up the criminal action of the legislative general election, the factors influencing the effectiveness of the law enforcement of the criminal action of the legislative general election carried out by the law enforcement apparatus in Makassar City. The research was conducted in the General Election Supervising Board of South Sulawesi Province, Makassar </span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Helvetica, sans-serif',serif;">City </span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Helvetica Narrow',serif;">Resort Police, Office of the Counsel for the Prosecution of Makassar, District Court of Makassar City. Data were collected by an interview and documents related to the problems examined. The research result indicates that the law enforcement authority in handling the legal matters in the legislative general election, has been carried out in line with he mandate of the acts. However, the factors such as: the substance, structure, human resources, facilities, infrastructures and culture mostly influence the course of the law enforcement. Besides, there is also the dominant factor namely the evidence determination which is imposed on the general election supervisors, very short handling time, lack of community’s participation in supervising the legislative general election, so that the law enforcement in the legislative general election carried out by the law enforcement apparatus is less maximal. </span></p> 2021-02-21T19:20:45+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Camparison between Qualitative and Quantitative Research Approaches: Social Sciences 2021-04-17T15:05:32+00:00 aida mehrad Mohammad Hossein Tahriri Zangeneh <p>Nowadays because of the vast of investigations and high level of technology, majority of investigators endeavour to apply appropriate methods in their research; in this case, focusing on research approaches assumed as one of the critical factors in the science world. In research methodology specifically in social science area, two approaches of qualitative and quantitative have been considered more. These approaches assumed as two practical and essential methods in most of investigations. Therefore, the purpose of current literature review is to distinguish the imperative comparison of quantitative and qualitative in the research methodology and determining the brilliant differences between these research factors. Furthermore, realizing the accurate approach and apply it in the correct way in every investigation is super important; then, the researchers endeavour to justify this essential fact for future studies.</p> 2021-02-21T19:26:21+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE RIGHTS OF DIVERSION IN THE CHILDREN’S CRIMINAL JURISDICTION SYSTEM AS THE INTENT OF LEGAL PROTETION 2021-04-17T15:05:38+00:00 Mustakim Mahmud <p>Child abuse is a complex problem and involves many aspects. Diversion is an alternative in resolving child criminal cases that conflict with the law, by trying to eliminate the stigma against children as perpetrators of crime even though children are in conflict with the law, but still prioritizing the best interests of children in realizing the welfare of children, as stipulated in the SPPA Law . Even though it has been stipulated in written regulations, the existence of diversion among law enforcement officers is still a problem, because the diversion process has not been explicitly regulated regarding the mechanism that must be implemented, so that a good understanding and application is needed by law enforcement officials to be able to actualize properly. the diversion of children in conflict with the law in the juvenile justice system is the implementation of a system in the restorative jusctice to provide justice and legal protection to children in conflict with the law without neglecting the criminal liability of children. Diversion is not a peaceful effort between children in conflict with the law with victims or their families but a form of punishment against children who are in conflict with the law in an informal way. Implementation of diversion in restorative justice in the juvenile justice system is the transfer of the settlement of child cases from criminal justice processes to processes outside of fair criminal justice with an emphasis on restoration to its original state, and not of retaliation. Besides diversion is a form of punishment which has the perspective of education of children.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The solution that can be done in overcoming the problem of child problems is that it is expected that in resolving child criminal cases, law enforcement officials should seek diversion in order to restore a balanced harmonization between the perpetrators, victims and the community. Appropriate, considering that crimes committed by children are also increasingly complex, as well as to related parties (Law Enforcement, KPAI, etc.). Massive socialization is needed regarding diversion to the public.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Politics of The Law of Organizing the Election of Regional Heads and Deputy Heads of Regions Reviewed From Aspects of the Constitutional Court's Decision 2021-04-17T15:05:37+00:00 Faradillah Faradillah <p>Political Law elections of regional heads and deputy heads of regions is the policy of the state to form &nbsp;and &nbsp;apply &nbsp;hukum in regulating the implementation of elections of regional heads and deputy heads of regions in order to achieve the national goals of the nation and the country whose results (output) in the form of legal products (laws, government regulations, and other regulations). The formulation of the problem is how is the decision of the Constitutional Court that shows the political development of the law in the implementation of regional elections and deputy heads of regions in the era of direct democracy? The method of approach used in this writing is normative juridical by reviewing the birth of various legal products to follow up the Decision of the Constitutional Court relating to the implementation of the Election of Regional Heads and Deputy Heads of Regions.</p> 2021-02-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Implementation of Local Wisdom Communication "Malaqbiq" As Character Education in the Teaching and Learning Process In Fisip Unsulbar 2021-04-17T15:05:31+00:00 Muhammad Sulthan <p><em>Local wisdom "malaqbiq" is very necessary to always be communicated to our students in educational institutions ranging from kindergarten to higher education, both formil and non-formil so that students still know their identity even though the changing times are always changing because local wisdom is the cultural roots of an area in the harmony of life. The research method used is descriptive qualitative which is presented in Fisip Unsulbar students of the class of 2018 political science study program. The results showed that in general, students of Fisip Unsulbar class of 2018 political science study program still uphold the value of local wisdom "malaqbiq" malaqbiq pau, </em><em>malaqbiq gauq (good behavior) and malaqbiq kedzo (good behavior). </em></p> 2021-02-21T19:40:09+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Reform of press regulation to realize responsible press coverage 2021-04-17T15:05:30+00:00 mustawa mustawa <p>The Press Law, especially Article 5 paragraph (1) becomes the standard of news writing whose implementation is guided by Article 3 of the Code of Journalistic Ethics, but the standards of the journalist profession are not found provisions in the Press Law and the Code of Journalistic Ethics, thus triggering the occurrence of press coverage that does not apply the principle of presumption of innocence.&nbsp; The absence of such arrangements, it must be immediately corrected by reformulating the press news system in terms of regulation into Law No. 40 of 1999 on the Press that can be a solution to the complexity of problems in the Press Briefing which must certainly be based on a free and responsible news philosophy.</p> 2021-02-21T19:50:44+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## RELATIONSHIP OF AUTHORITY OF VILLAGE HEAD WITH VILLAGE CONSULTATIVE BODY IN VILLAGE REGULATION ESTABLISHMENT 2021-04-17T15:05:29+00:00 M Tasbir Rais <p>Village regulation is a statutory regulation set by the Village Head after being discussed and agreed together with the Village Consultative Agency. Perrule &nbsp;desa &nbsp;applies in the local village area in the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia which is intended as a further description of the higher legislation taking into account the social and cultural conditions of the local villagers. In the establishment of perrule &nbsp;desa,it should not be contrary tothe &nbsp;public interest and/or higher legislation. Therefore, masyarakat has the right to give input orally or in writing in order to prepare or discuss the draft village regulations before it is determined as village regulations.</p> <p>Based on the results of the research shows that the authority relationship between Kepala Desa as a village executive institution with Band &nbsp;Permusyawaratan &nbsp;Desa as the village legislature is domiciled equally asa partner without any subordinates under it. In this context, it can be said that Kepala &nbsp;Desa has an important role in its position asa &nbsp;long-hand state thatis close to the community and as a communityleader,as well asBand &nbsp;Permusyawaratan &nbsp;Desa has an important function in preparing village government policy with KepalaDesa.</p> 2021-02-21T19:55:37+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##